Questions On Memory In Computer Architecture

(a) What is the effective CPI of this computer? (b) Suppose the processor is being upgraded with a 30-Mhz clock. 2) How Computer Architecture is characterized?. Computer Fundamentals Questions and Answers MCQ PDF for bank exams with explanation for interview, competitive examination and entrance test. UG-CS 101 Multiple Choice : 160. 1 16 Fall, 2009. Career Questions 753,461 views. In short, computer architecture refers to how a computer system is designed and what technologies it is compatible with. Question and Answer of Memory Management in OS. client-server, check to see if your question(s) are already answered below. Previous question Next question Transcribed Image Text from this Question Consider a computer that has a byte-addressable memory organised in 32-bit words according to the little-endian scheme. 49 Examples. Lab room change!: Both of Derek's labs have moved to 271 Soda instead of Soda 277 since it is bigger. 1 Organization and Architecture 2 1. A basic instruction that can be interpreted by computer has. A computer system has 64K words of. 8: Memory Management 4 MEMORY MANAGEMENT • The concept of a logical address space that is bound to a separate physical address space is central to proper memory management. 4 Grid and RDBMS in RAC & Data Guard Environment. What is Computer Architecture? • "Computer Architecture is the science and art of selecting and interconnecting hardware components to create computers that meet functional, performance and cost goals. 2 Computer Architecture. Preparation for the. The goal of these design decisions is to optimize speed, power efficiency, size, or cost while satisfying constraints on the rest. The techniques rely on 'performance cloning,' which can. Questions and Answers _____means that the low-order byte of the number is stored in the memory at the lowest. A computer system has 64K words of. 34/ Process Management Every program is a process (see the Task Manager on a. The computer can read the program from memory, instead of being like the ENIAC with the requirement of hard wiring the program (literally). By comparison, “multiprocessing” represents situations from practice when multiple processors work on the execution of a single logical program. Cache memory is an extremely fast memory type that acts as a buffer between RAM and the CPU. Computer architecture refers to both the design of a computer's external interfaces (instruction sets) and a computer's internal implementation (microarchitecture). COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN’S REVIEW QUESTIONS. The Connection Machine 3. Questions and answer pages. Improve your score by attempting Computer Organization and Architecture objective type MCQ questions paper listed along with detailed answers. Computer Organization and Architecture Micro-Operations • Execution of an instruction (the instruction cycle) has a number of smaller units —Fetch, indirect, execute, interrupt, etc • Each part of the cycle has a number of smaller steps called micro-operations —Discussed extensive in pipelining • Micro-ops are the fundamental or atomic. Some recently asked NVIDIA Computer Architecture interview questions were, "Tell me as many ways as possible to design a gated clock. A pipelined processor executes multiple instructions at the same time. Place your name on EACH page of the test in the space provided. Cache Memory is a special very high-speed memory. What, in general terms, is the distinction between computer organization and computer. Where to Find Computer Architecture Questions and Answers. For permanent storage auxiliary memory is used. In this course, you will learn to design the computer architecture of complex modern microprocessors. The Connection Machine 3. 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Two separate external memory spaces are made available by the 16-bit PC and DPTR and by different control pins for enabling external ROM and RAM chips. Computer Science multiple choice questions and answers set contain 5 mcqs on computer memory. Online quiz test free computer systems architecture and computer knowledge for computer awareness questions answers mcq are important in ssc, upsc, ibps and competitive examination and entrance tests. Cache Memory Computer Organization and Architecture Note: Appendix 4A will not be covered in class, but the material is interesting reading and may be used in some homework problems. 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Architecture and components of Computer System Sequentially Accessible Memory IFE Course In Computer Architecture Slide 9 Hard disk drive (HDD) - is a kind of mechanical device memory where data is encoded in the form of magnetic impulses on platters covered with magnetising ferromagnetic material. The embedded computer may or may not have an operating system, and rarely does it provide the user with the ability to arbitrarily install new software. Which types of programmers should be aware of instruction set architecture. Pronounced rahm, acronym for read-only memory, computer memory on which data has been prerecorded. to understand the structure and operation of modern computer systems; understand basic hardware concepts (digital circuits -- gates, number representation, combinational and sequential circuits) understand the von Neumann architecture and computing model (structure and operation, assembly language, memory). The goal of these design decisions is to optimize speed, power efficiency, size, or cost while satisfying constraints on the rest. Solved MCQ of Computer Organization and Architecture set-1. On a cache miss, the cache control mechanism must fetch the missing data from memory and place it in the cache. The text book for the course is "Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface" by Hennessy and Patterson. A free inside look at Computer architecture interview questions and process details for other companies - all posted anonymously by interview candidates. Download Objective type questions of Computer Architecture PDF Visit our PDF store «. You will find the CPU chip of a personal computer holding a control unit and the arithmetic logic unit (along with some local memory) and the main memory is in the form of RAM sticks located on the motherboard. Lab room change!: Both of Derek's labs have moved to 271 Soda instead of Soda 277 since it is bigger. Multiple choice questions on Computer Architecture topic Memory Organization. Some issues related to computer architecture can be processor word size, memory bus size, or protocol implementation. Remote procedure calls, network file system Networking, security, distributed file system. pdf), Text File (. Here is the list of Computer Organization and Architecture Mcqs. RTL stands for: a. Computer architecture multiple choice questions (MCQs), computer architecture quiz answers pdf for online learning. A common way to divide computer architectures is into Complex Instruction Set Computer (CISC) and Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC). Arithmetic operation d. Computer Architecture Interview Questions by questionsgems. Exam in Computer Architecture Justin Pearson 2002-03-07 Cover Sheet Problem no. Some recently asked NVIDIA Computer Architecture interview questions were, "Tell me as many ways as possible to design a gated clock. Prabhu Read Prabhu's new book Anita's Legacy This tutorial is intended as a supplementary learning tool for students of Com S 321, an undergraduate course on computer architecture taught at Iowa State University. Computer architecture is a specification detailing how a set of software and hardware technology standards interact to form a computer system or platform. Memory Organization in Computer Architecture. You will find the CPU chip of a personal computer holding a control unit and the arithmetic logic unit (along with some local memory) and the main memory is in the form of RAM sticks located on the motherboard. Which types of programmers should be aware of instruction set architecture. com has a library of 550,000 questions and answers for covering. The Transputer 5. A common way to divide computer architectures is into Complex Instruction Set Computer (CISC) and Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC). Random transfer language b. 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Q- A device is used to bring data into a computer is called a) ALU b) Input devices c) Output devices d) Control unit. Memory can be either volatile and non-volatile memory. MIMD machines can be of either shared memory or distributed memory categories. read researcher in computer architecture/systems. Relational data resides in tables in column or row layout in the combined column and row engine, and can be converted from one layout to the other to allow query expressions with tables in both. Questions and answer pages. A directory of Objective Type Questions covering all the Computer Science subjects. Virtual Memory is commonly implemented by _____. Please write down the details of your solutions, partial results will be given partial credits. Recently I received a number of messages from the readers asking whether I can write about containers. The design constraints on a computer's memory can be summed up by three questions: How much? How fast? How expensive? Unfortunately, the relationship between these 3 is this: as the speed increases, the price increases; as the storage capacity increases, the price decreases, but the speed decreases. Associative Memory in Computer Architecture Study. Stuck on a tricky architecture problem? Study. (3pts) In the memory management schemes used in earlier operating systems, it was necessary to modify the addresses of most programs when they were loaded into memory because they were usually not loaded into memory starting at location 0. 8080 has 16 bit address bus giving 64k address space Address Bus Size Addressable memory (bytes) 12 24 38 416 532 664 7128 8256 9512 10 1K 11 2K 12 4K 13 8K 14 16K Addressable memory in bytes/address bus size. Brooks, Planning a Computer System, Project Stretch, 1962 What does this “design. It is true that every interview is different as per the different job profiles. External memory has the important property that the information stored is not lost when the computer is switched off. com has a library of 550,000 questions and answers for covering your toughest textbook problems. Complete discussion of computer architecture McQ and it is helpful for nvs PGT exam and nta net exam and rrb je exam also Neetu khandelwal Hello ,I have cleared HTET exam and NTA NET exam and I love to teaching, cooking and learning new things. The two types of network architectures are used: Peer-To-Peer network. In many ways, our memories make us who we are, helping us remember our past, learn and retain skills, and plan for the future. Computer Architecture introduces students to concepts and characteristics of organization and architecture applied to modern computer systems, including performance, processor, memory, Input/Output, and multiprocessors to optimize system design, performance, and efficiency. These set of exam-style questions were designed for the OCR J276 GCSE Computer Science qualification, but they are about Von Neumann architecture which was not invented by OCR! So, the questions relevant to all GCSE Computer Science courses. The bus architecture determines how much and how fast data can move around the motherboard. Are you are looking for a job which is related to Computer Architecture then you need to prepare those 2019 Computer Architecture Interview Questions. Additional information. 8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems 34. We provide B. Our 1000+ Computer Organization & Architecture questions and answers focuses on all areas of Computer Organization & Architecture subject covering 100+ topics in Computer Organization & Architecture. 0answers 35 views Newest cpu-architecture questions feed. (8) ii) Explain in detail about Technologies for Building Processors and Memory (8) 2. Level 2 or Cache memory - It is the fastest memory which has faster access time where data is temporarily stored for faster access. The system designer is not limited by the amount of internal RAM and ROM available on chip. There is some storage involved with memory, which is why it’s understandable many make the mistake of confusing the two. The First-level Dala Cache For A Certain Processor Can Cache 64 KB Of Physical Memory. I have the final answer (24 * 10^9)but I can't determine how to get there. Computer Organization and Architecture questions and answers for Knowledge and exams. Basic computer troubleshooting. 1950s Computer Architecture •Computer Arithmetic 1960s •Operating system support, especially memory management 1970s to mid 1980s Computer Architecture •Instruction Set Design, especially ISA appropriate for compilers •Vector processing and shared memory multiprocessors 1990s Computer Architecture •Design of CPU, memory system, I/O. Arithmetic transfer language d. Computer Architecture Questions Answers When a cache is 10 times faster than main memory , and cache can be used 90% of the time , how much speed we gain by using cache ?. Computer Architecture(Memory and cache),Digital Electronics and Op-Amp based questions. Notice: Mid-term is close book, close notes, NO calculator and NO discussions. The memory unit stores the binary information in the form of bits. A pipelined processor executes multiple instructions at the same time. c) I/O peripherals cannot be memory mapped because the architecture is Harvard d) Peripherals have addresses in the program memory space 3) The architecture has a build in stack pointer. The effective access time for the memory is (A) 10ns (B) 43ns (C) 30ns (D) 25ns View Answer / Hide Answer. Computer System Architecture MCQ 01 1. Computer System Architecture MCQ 06 main memory and or CPU _____operations are the results of I/O operations that are written in the computer program: a. New and updated questions and answers. Computer Architecture Organization questions and answers (1) In a computer, whose average memory access time is 20ns has the page fault service time 10Ms. Assume a one-cycle delay for each memory access. ppt), PDF File (. Computer System Architecture is an introductory book for learning how to design computer hardware. More than 400 professional academic writers are ready to help you. Note in the first example, we have explicitly loaded values into registers, performed an addition and stored the result value held in another register back to memory. Decoder and Accumulator. For the following questions on memory architecture, assume that 1K- 1024 (that is, 210) and 1M- 1024 X 1024 (that is, 22) 5. Also be familiar with the concept of a computer consisting a hierarchy of virtual machines. Thick Code and rich functions in Computer Architecture 8. Fast delivery, high quality, 24/7 online support. Architecture Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Guide for free without registration. What is Computer Architecture? • "Computer Architecture is the science and art of selecting and interconnecting hardware components to create computers that meet functional, performance and cost goals. Start online test with daily Computer Organization and Architecture quiz for Gate computer science engineering exam 2019-20. However, the speed of the memory subsystem remains unchanged, and consequently two cycles are needed per memory access. The techniques rely on 'performance cloning,' which can. Simply we can say that how computers are organized and how tasks are allocated to the computer. CS2410: Computer Architecture University of Pittsburgh Memory hierarchy CPU L1 cache L2 cache Hard disk Regs Main memory Smaller Faster More expensive per byte Larger Slower Cheaper per byte SRAM DRAM Magnetics SRAM CS2410: Computer Architecture University of Pittsburgh Memory hierarchy goals To provide CPU with necessary data (and instructions) as. 49 Examples. 4 COMPUTER SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE letter M, it is selected by the memory address during the transfer which is a specification for transfer operations. In some cases, the questions are also worth asking during the process of working with an architect. Note in the first example, we have explicitly loaded values into registers, performed an addition and stored the result value held in another register back to memory. Whatever may be the limitations which trammel inquiry elsewhere, we believe that the great state University of Wisconsin should ever encourage that continual and fearless sifting and winnowing by which alone the truth can be found. Graduate Computer Architecture Course Materials (Lecture Videos) Parallel Computer Architecture Course Materials (Lecture Videos) Memory Systems Short Course Materials (Lecture Video on Main Memory and DRAM Basics) Talk Videos and Materials. Get Memory organization questions and answers, step-by-step textbook solutions, 100% Plagiarism free Answers and more on Crazy For Study. A random-access memory device allows data items to be read or written in almost the same amount of time irrespective of the physical location of data inside the memory. COSC 6385 Computer Architecture Performance Measurement Edgar Gabriel Fall 2008 COSC 6385 -Computer Architecture Edgar Gabriel Measuring performance (I) • Response time: how long does it take to execute a certain application/a certain amount of work • Given two platforms Xand Y, Xis ntimes faster than Y for a certain application if. Onur Mutlu Carnegie Mellon University (reorganized by Seth) Main Memory. Sequence register and decoder D. Solution provided Max Your points 1 1 2 6 3 14 4 9 5 13 6 11 7 10 Total: 64. Computer Architecture GATE 2016 Solved Questions Part 1 - Find the size of the address bus Find the size of the address bus in a processor with 4GB word addressable memory. 1 Computer architecture re fers to those attributes of a system visible to a programmer or, put another way, those attributes that have a dir ect impact on the logical execution of a program. Learn the basics and advances concepts of computer architecture and design with the help of these computer hardware architecture and design interview questions and answers. In addition: Learn Chapter 2 on Computer Architecture Trends taken from the book "Microprocessor Architectures, from VLIW to TTA". Arithmetic operation d. Decoder and Accumulator. Another important term commonly used with computers is “computer architecture. And for the computers that often act as extensions of ourselves, memory plays much the same role. Computer Architecture and Engineering Caches and the Memory Hierarchy collaborate with other students and to ask questions in discussion sections and office. The purpose of the CPU Von-Neumann architecture: MAR (Memory Address Register), MDR (Memory Data Register), PC (Program Counter), Accumulator. We have also included some important questions that are repeatedly asked in previous exams. These questions are answered and explained with an example main memory size of 1MB (the main memory address is 20 bits), a cache memory of size 2KB and a block size of 64 bytes. Part 1 Computer Basics Study Guide Coverage: 1. Two separate external memory spaces are made available by the 16-bit PC and DPTR and by different control pins for enabling external ROM and RAM chips. Different levels in a computer system & their significance. This is the part of the computer that stores operating system software, software applications and other information for the central processing unit (CPU) to have fast and direct access when needed to perform tasks. MemCon 2013 Lecture on "Memory Scaling" Slides (pptx) Slides (pdf) MemCon 2013 paper. The main memory in a computer is called Random Access Memory. Data miss cycles = I x 0. ) with full confidence. Question on Computer organization DMA? A DMA module is transferring characters to main memory from an external device transmitting at 9600 bits per second (bps). Kanawat Senanan explains how computer memory works. Different "levels" of memory that have different performance rates, but all serve a specific purpose. Are there memory-memory instructions? Or is a memory-memory "operation" implemented as two register-memory instructions (one for read and the other for write)? Isn't this inefficient than moving data directly between two places in the same memory without going via a register?. The computer can read the program from memory, instead of being like the ENIAC with the requirement of hard wiring the program (literally). Generally, memory/storage is classified into 2 categories: Volatile Memory: This loses its data, when power is switched off. In computer engineering, computer architecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems. Heuring © 2007 M. On some high-end systems, Flash memory is also used to hold bootstrap software. The processor is the workhorse of the system; it is the component that executes a program by performing arithmetic and logical operations on data. In many ways, our memories make us who we are, helping us remember our past, learn and retain skills, and plan for the future. Organization of a simple Processor and its functioning 4. CPU - executes programs using the fetch-decode-execute cycle; Memory - stores program operations and. What is the high speed memory between the main memory and the CPU called?. None of the above. Each 60 minute panel will consist of an opening statement from each panelist (10 minutes each, 20 minutes total), discussion between the moderator and panelists (5 to 10 minutes), and questions from the audience (30 to 35 minutes). Browse our forums and post your questions. 6 Embedded Systems 24 1. asked Oct 20 at 18:43. In every online test on Computer Organization and Architecture, you will be presented with Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) which will test your skills in Computer Organization and Architecture Concepts in a detailed and comprehensive manner. When the computer run begins, the program counter sends the address 0000 to the memory. Which operations are used for addition, subtraction, increment, decrement and complement function: a. This led to the. 58 I Total memory stall cycles = 0. You can see some Control Memory sample questions with examples at the bottom of this page. Our Computer Organization and Architecture Tests allow you to experience an online examination in the real-time environment. " message comes up everytime I try to open the Revit file. The program counter is then incremented to get 0001. Chapter 1 – 8 Essay Question Review 1. I'm looking at files on sysfs to see if any of them can give the information. Practice these MCQ questions and answers for preparation of various competitive and entrance exams. COMPUTER MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE WITH. 8051 Microcontroller Interview Questions the same common memory unit whereas in the architecture Harvard the data and the program are stored in different memory. D) file pointer You will find at the last of questions list. i) Architecture Multiple Choice Question. Von Neumann architecture – need to know what it is and why it is important. Cache Memory Computer Organization and Architecture Note: Appendix 4A will not be covered in class, but the material is interesting reading and may be used in some homework problems. The Apollo Guidance Computer: Architecture and Operation. CSE 30321 - Computer Architecture I - Fall 2010 Final Exam December 13, 2010 Test Guidelines: 1. Some definitions of architecture define it as describing the capabilities and programming model of a computer but not a particular implementation. • Computer conceptually takes values from memory, performs whatever operations, and then stores results back • In practice, CPU operates on registers: -a register is an extremely fast piece of on-chip memory -modern CPUs have between 8 and 128 registers, each 32/64 bits -data values are loaded from memory into registers before operation. You can be prepared with some theoretical materials before you understand that there is something that you never heard about. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Q- A device is used to bring data into a computer is called a) ALU b) Input devices c) Output devices d) Control unit. Read "Computer Architecture MCQs: Multiple Choice Questions and Answers (Quiz & Tests with Answer Keys)" by Arshad Iqbal available from Rakuten Kobo. The Transputer 5. Cache memory is an extremely fast memory type that acts as a buffer between RAM and the CPU. 34/ Process Management Every program is a process (see the Task Manager on a. Architecture - 38 Architecture interview questions and 85 answers by expert members with experience in Architecture subject. Here you can download the free lecture Notes of Computer Architecture and Organization Notes pdf - CAO Notes Pdf materials with multiple file links to download. What, in general terms, is the distinction between computer organization and computer. Advanced topics include a survey of parallel architectures and future directions in computer architecture. Core: Computer System Architecture-207C. A very good example of computer architecture is von Neumann architecture, which is still used by most types of computers today. This is in contrast to memory such as tapes, which have to wind to information, or hard drives, which have to spin to it. Von Neumann architecture is based on the stored-program computer concept, where instruction data and program data are stored in the same memory. 3rd Edition. Virtual memory is a section of the hard drive that the computer's operating system treats as RAM. Each instruction is stored in one word of memory [ 6 marks ] a. The computer can read the program from memory, instead of being like the ENIAC with the requirement of hard wiring the program (literally). 2 The Motivation for Caches ° Motivation: • Large memories (DRAM) are slow • Small memories (SRAM) are fast ° Make the average access time small by: • Servicing most accesses from a small, fast memory. 3rd Edition. I encourage you to do your own research, consult multiple sources, question assumptions and statements, and talk with me and the TA whenever you have questions. A cache memory is usually much efficient because of its high access speed. CS2410: Computer Architecture University of Pittsburgh Memory hierarchy CPU L1 cache L2 cache Hard disk Regs Main memory Smaller Faster More expensive per byte Larger Slower Cheaper per byte SRAM DRAM Magnetics SRAM CS2410: Computer Architecture University of Pittsburgh Memory hierarchy goals To provide CPU with necessary data (and instructions) as. The most expensive, fastest memory is in close proximity to the processor The motherboard RAM you know and love. Multiple choice questions on Computer Architecture topic Memory Organization. Check out some conferences to see some topics: ISCA: Proceedings of the 43rd International Symposium on Computer Architecture ASPLOS: Proceedings of the Twenty-Second International Conference on Architectural Support for Programming Languages and. In addition: Learn Chapter 2 on Computer Architecture Trends taken from the book "Microprocessor Architectures, from VLIW to TTA". The topics covering Computer types: desk top computer, work stations, enterprise system. Part 1 Computer Basics Study Guide Coverage: 1. Career Questions 753,461 views. The techniques rely on 'performance cloning,' which can. If separate sheets are needed, make sure to include your name and clearly identify the problem being solved. It describes the design of an electronic computer with its CPU, which includes the arithmetic logic unit, control unit, registers, memory for data and. Previously data and programs were stored in separate memories. Practice random access memory (ram), peripherals devices, types of registers in computer, introduction to computer architecture career test for IT certifications. Switch out memory to disk – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow. Notice: Mid-term is close book, close notes, NO calculator and NO discussions. By comparison, “multiprocessing” represents situations from practice when multiple processors work on the execution of a single logical program. Memory access in RISC architecture is limited to instructions. Review Questions. cycle, Memory reference instructions, Input output and interrupt, complete design of basic computer 7. Computer architecture multiple choice questions (MCQs), computer architecture quiz answers, computer basics test prep 1 to learn online computer science courses for online classes. DMA controller contains an address unit, for generating addresses and selecting I/O device for transfer. Architecture - 38 Architecture interview questions and 85 answers by expert members with experience in Architecture subject. AGC Requirements • Autonomously navigate from the Earth to the Moon • Continuously integrate State Vector • Compute navigation fixes using stars, sun and planets • Attitude control via digital autopilot • Lunar landing, ascent, rendezvous. COMPUTER MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE WITH. Systollic Arrays 6. Architecture In computer engineering, computer architecture is the conceptual design and fundamental operational structure of a computer system. Do modern motherboards allow a PCI-E device to access ram without involving the CPU? Browse other questions tagged cpu computer-architecture memory or ask your. Usually, at the programmatic level, the addressing is keyed in hexadecimal format (it was originally binary); however, hexadecimal is also base 2 derived (it is base 16 or, 2 4) and so is directly compatible. 4 COMPUTER SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE letter M, it is selected by the memory address during the transfer which is a specification for transfer operations. The software is normally contained in the system's nonvolatile memory, unlike a desktop computer where the nonvolatile memory contains boot software and (maybe) low-level drivers only. What is Computer Architecture? • "Computer Architecture is the science and art of selecting and interconnecting hardware components to create computers that meet functional, performance and cost goals. Redis architecture contains two main processes: Redis client and Redis Server. How many bits are needed for the opcode? b. Which operations are used for addition, subtraction, increment, decrement and complement function: a. It describes the design of an electronic computer with its CPU, which includes the arithmetic logic unit, control unit, registers, memory for data and. 823 is a study of the evolution of computer architecture and the factors influencing the design of hardware and software elements of computer systems. A computer system has 64K words of. From "Computer Organization and Architecture" book, by W. You are on Page No. The goal of these design decisions is to optimize speed, power efficiency, size, or cost while satisfying constraints on the rest. Welcome! This is one of over 2,200 courses on OCW. Some issues related to computer architecture can be processor word size, memory bus size, or protocol implementation. Advanced topics include a survey of parallel architectures and future directions in computer architecture. More than 400 professional academic writers are ready to help you.